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2014-2015 Calendar

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Ecology and Evolutionary Biology

Faculty


Professors Emeriti
P.A. Abrams, BS, Ph D, FRSC
D.R. Brooks, MS, Ph D, FRSC
D.G. Butler, M Sc, Ph D, D Sc, FRSA (ZOO)
C.S. Churcher, M Sc, Ph D (ZOO)
N.G. Dengler, MS, Ph D (BOT)
S.S. Desser, M Sc, Ph D (ZOO)
D.W. Dunham, BS, Ph D (ZOO)
J.B. Falls, BA, Ph D (ZOO)
R.I.C. Hansell, B Sc, Ph D (ZOO)
H.H. Harvey, M Sc, Ph D (ZOO)
D.W. Malloch, MA, Ph D (BOT)
N. Mrosovsky, BA, Ph D (ZOO)
R.C. Plowright, MA, Ph D (ZOO)
H.A. Regier, MS, Ph D (ZOO)
J.D. Rising, BA, Ph D
G.M. Telford, B Sc, Ph D (ZOO)
A.P. Zimmerman, BA, Ph D

Professor and Chair of the Department
D.A. Jackson, M Sc, Ph D

Professor and Associate Chair, Graduate Studies
F.H. Rodd, M Sc, Ph D

Senior Lecturer and Associate Chair (Undergraduate Studies)
C.A. Goldman, M Sc

Professors
A.J. Baker, M Sc, Ph D
S.C.H. Barrett, B Sc, Ph D, FRSC, FRS
M.-J. Fortin, M Sc, Ph D
M.R. Gross, B Sc, Ph D
D.S. Guttman, B Sc, Ph D
D.A. McLennan, M Sc, Ph D
R. Murphy, MA, Ph D
L. Rowe, B Sc, Ph D
R.F. Sage, MS, Ph D
M.B. Sokolowski, B Sc, Ph D, FRSC
J.D. Thomson, MS, Ph D
A.E. Weis, BA, Ph D

Associate Professors
A. Agrawal, B Sc, Ph D
T.J. Carleton, B Sc, Ph D
J-B. Caron, M Sc, PhD
B. Chang, AB, Ph D
D.C. Currie, B Sc, Ph D
A.D. Cutter, BS, Ph D
H. Cyr, M Sc, Ph D
C. Darling, M Sc, Ph D
T.A. Dickinson, B Sc, Ph D
J.E. Eckenwalder, M Sc, Ph D
M.E. Engstrom, M Sc, Ph D
D. Evans, Ph D
M.E. Frederickson, AB, Ph D
J.M. Moncalvo, M Sc, Ph D
T.L. Sage, MS, Ph D
J.R. Stinchcombe, BA, Ph D
S.I. Wright, M Sc, Ph D

Assistant Professors
B. Gilbert, M Sc, Ph D
M. Krkosek, B Sc, Ph D
H. Lopez-Fernandez, B Sc, Ph D
N. Mideo, B Sc, Ph D
B. Raboy, B Sc, Ph D

Introduction

Ecologists and evolutionary biologists recognize that all life has evolved and that an understanding of the factors influencing the origin and maintenance of biological diversity − from genomes to ecosystems − underlies all life sciences and is critical to our stewardship of life on this planet. Society needs to make informed decisions about sustainable development, global temperature change, control of invasive species, the preservation of genetic diversity and ecosystem integrity, and the control of emerging infectious diseases. These are fundamentally evolutionary and ecological problems.

Ecology and Evolutionary Biology is a broad discipline that seeks to understand the origins, diversity, and distribution of organisms. The Department offers a very wide range of courses that deal with biological diversity, conservation biology, molecular evolution, population and quantitative genetics, genomics, animal behaviour, population, community, and ecosystem ecology, evolutionary and ecological theory, environmental biology, and systematics. Students exposed to these subjects come to realize that the ecological and evolutionary underpinnings of life present a host of scientific problems that are both intellectually challenging and critical to our future.

The Department offers six programs: a Specialist program in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology; Major programs in Biodiversity and Conservation Biology, Ecology & Evolutionary Biology, and Environmental Biology; and two Minor programs in Environmental Biology. The Department also jointly offers programs with other departments: Specialist, Major, and Minor programs in Biology (with Cell & Systems Biology), and a Major program in Genome Biology (with Cell & Systems Biology and Molecular Genetics & Microbiology).

The EEB Specialist program (12 FCEs) provides an in-depth understanding of ecological and evolutionary patterns and processes, as well as the diversity of life forms (microbes, fungi, plants, animals). Concepts are taught using a broad array of approaches, including molecular studies, laboratory experiments, computer and mathematical modeling, and field studies. An integral part of the experience is to conduct independent research projects in the laboratory and/or field. There is a strong emphasis within the program on hands-on laboratory and fieldwork that complement the conceptual framework developed in lectures. Students in this program have the opportunity to concentrate in ecology, evolutionary biology, or behaviour. The EEB Major program (8 FCEs) provides a comprehensive understanding of ecology and evolution, also with concepts taught using a broad array of approaches – including opportunities to conduct independent research projects – and with an emphasis on hands-on laboratory and fieldwork.

Today, in an era of unprecedented global change, natural ecosystems are under attack and thousands of species are threatened with extinction and many more have experienced unprecedented declines. Students in the Biodiversity and Conservation Biology Major program (8 FCEs) will be equipped to aid in the response to what is perhaps humanity’s most pressing challenge, the conservation of biological diversity. Students in this program will take courses in their first and second years that provide foundations in ecology, evolutionary biology, biodiversity and conservation biology, environmental biology, mathematics, and statistics. In their upper years students will obtain in-depth knowledge about the diversity of living organisms and take advanced courses in ecology, evolution, and biodiversity and conservation biology, including a capstone course at the 400-level.

Environmental science is an interdisciplinary field that integrates biological, chemical, and physical sciences to study human interactions with their environment. The Environmental Biology Major (8 FCEs) provides a broad background in biology that is essential to understand the impact of humans on other organisms and their environments. It provides students with an understanding of ecology, the diversity and function of living organisms, the physical and chemical environment, and the ways organisms interact with, and affect, ecosystem processes. Students are exposed to ecosystem management, issues related to environmental change, and the consequences of interactions between humans and the environment.

The two Environmental Biology Minor programs (4 FCEs) offer students an introduction to ecology, evolution, environmental biology, and organismal diversity. One Environmental Biology Minor program is offered jointly with the National University of Singapore): students complete 2.0 FCEs at the University of Toronto and 2.0 FCEs on exchange in Singapore, including a field course (NUS342H0) in tropical conservation biology. The courses at the National University of Singapore that are available to students in all EEB programs are listed below in this section of the Calendar, and are given NUS course descriptors (and not EEB).

Students entering their first year in the life sciences take BIO120H1 (offered by EEB) and BIO130H1 (offered by CSB). These courses are taken by students who have successfully completed Grade 12 Biology, SBI4U (or an equivalent course). BIO130H1 also requires Grade 12 Chemistry, SCH4U. One or both of these half courses are a prerequisite for almost all further courses in the life sciences.
Students requiring more information about BIO120H1 please contact the BIO120 Office, Earth Sciences Centre (25 Willcocks St.), Room 3045A, bio120@utoronto.ca

Note: The Department of Ecology & Evolutionary Biology’s former first-year course BIO150Y1 has been replaced with BIO120H1 and BIO220H1. The Department of Cell & System Biology’s courses BIO240H1 and BIO241H1 have been replaced with BIO130H1 and BIO230H1.

Students requiring more information about Ecology & Evolutionary Biology programs and courses please visit the departmental website or contact the Undergraduate Office, Earth Sciences Centre (25 Willcocks St.), Room 3055B, undergrad.eeb@utoronto.ca, 416-978-2084. Associate Chair (Undergraduate): C. A. Goldman, ES3045C, 416-978-7163, corey.goldman@utoronto.ca.

Website: www.eeb.utoronto.ca/undergraduate

Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Programs

Biodiversity and Conservation Biology Major (Science program)

This program has unlimited enrolment and no specific admission requirements. All students who have completed at least 4.0 courses are eligible to enrol.

(8 full courses or their equivalent including at least 2.0 FCEs at 300+ series with at least 0.5 FCE at the 400 level series)

First Year (2.0 FCEs): BIO120H1; BIO130H1; (MAT135H1, MAT136H1)/MAT135Y1/MAT137Y1/JMB170Y1

Higher Years:

1. 2.0 FCEs: BIO220H1 (ecology and evolutionary biology); EEB225H1/STA220H1 (statistics); EEB255H1 (fundamentals of conservation biology); ENV234H1 (environmental biology; cannot be substituted with EEB375H1)

2. 1.5 FCE in organismal biology (with at least 0.5 FCE from Group 1 and 0.5 FCE from Group 2) from:
Group 1 (plant or microbial): BIO251H1; EEB268H1, EEB330H1, EEB337H1, EEB340H1, EEB445H1
Group 2 (animal): EEB263Y1, EEB266H1, EEB267H1, EEB356H1, EEB360H1, EEB382H1, EEB384H1, EEB386H1, EEB388H1, EEB389H1

3. 0.5 FCE in evolution: EEB318H1, EEB323H1, EEB362H1

4. 0.5 FCE in ecology from: EEB319H1, EEB321H1, EEB327H1, EEB328H1, EEB370H1; EHJ351H1

5. 0.5 FCE: EEB365H1 (topics in biodiversity and conservation biology)

6. 0.5 FCE from: BIO251H1; EEB263Y1, EEB266H1, EEB267H1, EEB268H1, EEB318H1, EEB319H1, EEB321H1, EEB322H1, EEB323H1, EEB324H1, EEB325H1, EEB327H1, EEB328H1, EEB330H1, EEB331H1, EEB337H1, EEB340H1, EEB356H1, EEB360H1, EEB362H1, EEB370H1, EEB375H1, EEB382H1, EEB384H1, EEB386H1, EEB388H1, EEB389H1, EEB397Y1, EEB398H1, EEB399Y1, EEB428H1, EEB430H1, EEB433H1, EEB440H1, EEB445H1, EEB459H1, EEB497H1/EEB498Y1, EEB499Y1; ENV334H1; EHJ351H1; FOR306H1, FOR307H1, FOR413H1; JHE353H1, JHE355H1; NUS

7. 0.5 FCE at 400 series from: EEB465H1, EEB466H1; field course, EEB401H1, EEB403H1, EEB404H1, EEB405H1, EEB406H1, EEB407H1, EEB409H1, EEB410H1; seminar, EEB495H1; research project (in biodiversity and/or conservation biology), EEB497H1/EEB498Y1/EEB499Y1

NOTE: BIO260H1/HMB265H1 (genetics) is recommended. Note that both BIO260H1 and HMB265H1 require BIO130H1 and BIO230H1; BIO230H1 requires both CHM138H1 and CHM139H1.

Students interested in law, economics, policy, or environmental studies may choose to pair their Biodiversity and Conservation Biology Major with another Major, such as Economics, Environmental Ethics, or Environmental Studies (all three are Arts program), or Science programs (e.g., Environment programs).

Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Specialist (Science program)

This program has unlimited enrolment and no specific admission requirements. All students who have completed at least 4.0 courses are eligible to enrol.

(12 full courses or their equivalent including at least 4.0 FCEs at the 300+ series level, 1.0 of which must be at the 400 series level)

First Year (3.0 FCEs): BIO120H1; BIO130H1; CHM138H1; CHM139H1; CHM151Y1; (MAT135H1, MAT136H1)/MAT135Y1/MAT137H1/MAT157H1

1. 2.0 FCEs: BIO220H1 (ecology and evolutionary biology); BIO230H1 (molecular and cell biology); BIO260H1/HMB265H1 (genetics); BIO251H1/BIO270H1 (plant/animal form and function)

2. 0.5 FCE in statistics from: EEB225H1 (recommended); PSY201H1; STA220H1/STA250H1/STA257H1; GGR270H1

3. 0.5 FCE in core evolution from: EEB318H1, EEB323H1, EEB362H1

4. 0.5 FCE in core ecology from: EEB319H1, EEB321H1 (both recommended), EEB328H1

5. 0.5 FCE in organismal biology from: EEB263Y1, EEB266H1, EEB267H1, EEB268H1, EEB330H1, EEB331H1, EEB337H1, EEB340H1, EEB356H1, EEB360H1, EEB382H1, EEB384H1, EEB386H1, EEB388H1, EEB389H1, EEB445H1

6. 0.5 FCE in environmental biology: ENV234H1(cannot be substituted with EEB375H1)

7. 1.0 FCE at 300+ series, from: EEB318H1, EEB319H1, EEB321H1, EEB322H1, EEB323H1, EEB324H1, EEB325H1, EEB327H1, EEB328H1, EEB330H1, EEB331H1, EEB337H1, EEB340H1, EEB356H1, EEB360H1, EEB362H1, EEB365H1, EEB370H1, EEB375H1, EEB382H1, EEB384H1, EEB386H1, EEB388H1, EEB389H1, EEB398H1, EEB399Y1, EEB428H1, EEB430H1, EEB433H1, EEB440H1, EEB445H1, EEB459H1, EEB460H1, EEB465H1, EEB466H1, EEB494H1, EEB495H1, EEB496H1; EHJ351H1, EHJ352H1; ENV334H1, ENV395Y1; NUS

Sub-total = 8.5 FCEs

8. 1.0 to 2.5 FCEs in at least two of the three following categories: (1) one field course (0.5 FCE) from EEB401H1, EEB403H1, EEB404H1, EEB405H1, EEB406H1, EEB407H1, EEB409H1, EEB410H1/FOR306H1; (2) one seminar (0.5 FCE) from EEB494H1, EEB495H1, EEB496H1; and/or (3) one independent research project course (1.0 FCE) from EEB498Y1/EEB499Y1 and concurrent research issues course EEB488H1 (0.5 FCE).

Sub-total = 9.5 or 11 FCEs (depending on options chosen in #8)

9. Select the remaining FCEs for a total of 12.0 FCEs (at least 1.0 must be 300+ series if 1.0 FCE is completed in #8 above) from: BIO271H1; all EEB courses (excluding EEB202H1,EEB204H1,EEB214H1, EEB215H1); EHJ351H1, EHJ352H1; ENV334H1; JHE353H1, JHE355H1; and no more than 1.0 FCE from the following (note that some courses may require prerequisites that are not listed within this program): ANT336H1, ANT333Y1, ANT335Y1, ANT430H1, ANT436H1; CSB328H1, CSB340H1, CSB349H1, CSB350H1, CSB352H1, CSB353H1, CSB430H1, CSB431H1, CSB452H1, CSB458H1, CSB472H1, CSB474H1; ENV315H1, ENV346H1; FOR200H1, FOR307H1, FOR413H1, FOR416H1, FOR417H1; GGR201H1, GGR203H1, GGR205H1, GGR206H1, GGR305H1, GGR307H1, GGR308H1, GGR403H1, GGR409H1; GLG202H1, GLG351H1, GLG436H1; JGE347H1, JGE348H1; MAT221H1; NUS; PSY100H1, PSY260H1, PSY270H1, PSY280H1, PSY290H1, PSY390H1, PSY397H1, PSY492H1, PSY497H1 (note that many PSY courses have limited enrolment)

Total = 12 FCEs

NOTE: Students may wish to concentrate in ecology, evolutionary biology, or behaviour. Recommended EEB, EHJ and JHE courses for these concentrations are as follows:

Ecology: EEB255H1, EEB319H1, EEB321H1, EEB327H1, EEB328H1, EEB365H1, EEB370H1, EEB375H1, EEB428H1, EEB430H1, EEB433H1, EEB440H1, EEB465H1, EEB495H1; EHJ351H1
Evolutionary Biology: EEB323H1, EEB324H1, EEB325H1, EEB362H1, EEB440H1, EEB459H1, EEB460H1, EEB466H1, EEB494H1; EHJ352H1; JHE353H1, JHE355H1
Behaviour: EEB322H1, EEB496H1

Ecology & Evolutionary Biology Major

This program has unlimited enrolment and no specific admission requirements. All students who have completed at least 4.0 courses are eligible to enrol.

(8 full courses or their equivalent including at least 2.0 FCEs at 300+ series with at least 0.5 FCE at the 400 series level)

First Year (2.0 FCEs): BIO120H1; BIO130H1; (CHM138H1, CHM139H1)/CHM151Y1
Higher Years:
1. 2.0 FCEs: BIO220H1; BIO230H1; BIO260H1/HMB265H1; EEB225H1/ STA220H1/STA250H1/STA257H1/ GGR270H1
2. 1.0 FCE from: BIO251H1, BIO270H1, BIO271H1, EEB266H1, EEB267H1, EEB268H1, ENV234H1
3. 2.0 FCEs from: EEB318H1, EEB319H1, EEB321H1, EEB322H1, EEB323H1, EEB324H1, EEB325H1, EB327H1, EEB328H1, EEB362H1, EEB365H1, EEB370H1, EEB375H1, EEB397Y1, EEB398H0, EEB399Y0, EEB 428H1, EEB430H1, EEB433H1, EEB440H1, EEB459H1, EEB460H1, EEB465H1, EEB466H1 ; EHJ351H1, EHJ352H1; NUS
4. 0.5 FCE from: BIO251H1, BIO270H1, BIO271H1; EEB (excluding EEB202H1, EEB204H1, EEB214H1, EEB215H1); ENV234H1, ENV334H1; EHJ351H1, EHJ352H1; JHE353H1, JHE355H1; JMB170Y1/ MAT135H1/MAT136H1/MAT135Y1/MAT137Y1/MAT157Y; NUS
5. 0.5 FCE at the 400-series from: field course, EEB401H1, EEB403H1, EEB404H1, EEB405H1, EEB406H1, EEB407H1, EEB409H1, EEB410H1/ FOR306H1; seminar, EEB494H1, EEB495H1, EEB496H1; independent research project course, EEB497H1/EEB498Y1/EEB499Y1; advanced lecture/discussion course, EEB428H1, EEB430H1, EEB433H1, EEB440H1, EEB459H1, EEB460H1, EEB465H1, EEB466H1

Environmental Biology Major (Science program)

This program has unlimited enrolment and no specific admission requirements. All students who have completed at least 4.0 courses are eligible to enrol.

(8 full courses or their equivalent including at least 2.0 FCEs at 300+ series with at least 0.5 FCE at the 400 level series)

First Year (3.0 FCEs): BIO120H1; (CHM138H1, CHM139H1)/CHM151Y1; (MAT135H1, MAT136H1)/MAT135Y1/MAT137Y1/JMB170Y1; PHY131H1/PHY151H1 or BIO130H1

1. 2.0 FCEs: BIO220H1 (ecology and evolutionary biology); ENV234H1 (cannot be substituted with EEB375H1), ENV334H1 (environmental biology); EEB225H1/STA220H1/GGR270H1 (statistics)

2. 0.5 FCE in biological diversity and function from: BIO251H1, BIO270H1; EEB266H1, EEB267H1, EEB268H1, EEB340H1; BIO260H1/HMB265H1 (note that both require BIO130H1 and BIO230H1)

3. 0.5 FCE in physical environment from: CHM210H1; ESS211H1; GGR201H1, GGR203H1, GGR205H1, GGR206H1; GLG202H1; PHY131H1, PHY132H1, PHY151H1, PHY152H1, PHY235H1 (requires MAT135H1/MAT137Y1/MAT157Y1 and PHY131H1/PHY151H1)

4. 0.5 in core ecology from: EEB319H1, EEB321H1, EEB327H1, EEB328H1

5. 1.0 FCE from: EEB319H1, EEB321H1, EEB327H1, EEB328H1, EEB365H1, EEB370H1, EEB375H1, EEB386H1, EB430H1; EHJ351H1; FOR305H1, FOR307H1; GGR305H1, GGR307H1, GGR308H1; GLG351H1; ENV315H1

6. 0.5 FCE at the 400-series from: field course, EEB401H1, EEB403H1, EEB405H1, EEB406H1, EEB407H1, EEB409H1, EEB410H1/FOR418H1/GGR490H1/GLG445H1, GLG448H1; seminar/lecture course, EEB428H1, EEB433H1, EEB495H1/JFG470H1/GGR403H1, GGR409H1/GLG436H1; independent research project, EEB497H1, EEB498Y1, EEB499Y1.

This program can be combined with other Environmental programs (see Centre for Environment) as well as Science (e.g., Chemistry, Geology) and Social Science (e.g., Economics) programs.

Environmental Biology Minor (Science program)

This program has unlimited enrolment and no specific admission requirements. All students who have completed at least 4.0 courses are eligible to enrol. Consult Undergraduate Office in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology.

(4 full courses or their equivalent; must include at least one full-course equivalent at the 300+ series)

1. 1.5 FCEs: (BIO120H1, BIO220H1)* *1.0 FCE taken in first year; ENV234H1 (cannot be substituted with EEB375H1)

Higher Years:

2. 0.5 FCE in organismal biology: EEB266H1, EEB267H1, EEB268H1

3. 2.0 FCEs (courses in both ecology and evolution are recommended) from: EEB318H1, EEB319H1, EEB321H1, EEB322H1, EEB323H1, EEB324H1, EEB362H1, EEB370H1, EEB375H1, EEB386H1; EHJ351H1, EHJ352H1; ENV334H1 (recommended); NUS; no more than one field course from EEB401H1, EEB403H1, EEB405H1, EEB406H1, EEB407H1, EEB409H1, EEB410H1; FOR306H1; NUS343H0

Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Courses


Lab Materials Fee

Some courses in this department have a mandatory Lab Materials Fee to cover non-reusable materials.  The fee for each such course is given below in the course description, and will be included on the student’s ROSI invoice.


First Year Seminars

The 199Y1 and 199H1 seminars are designed to provide the opportunity to work closely with an instructor in a class of no more than twenty-four students. These interactive seminars are intended to stimulate the students’ curiosity and provide an opportunity to get to know a member of the professorial staff in a seminar environment during the first year of study. Details can be found at www.artsci.utoronto.ca/current/course/fyh-1/.


100-SERIES COURSES
BIO120H1    Adaptation and Biodiversity[24L/15P]

Principles and concepts of evolution and ecology related to origins of adaptation and biodiversity. Mechanisms and processes driving biological diversification illustrated from various perspectives using empirical and theoretical approaches. Topics include: genetic diversity, natural selection, speciation, physiological, population, and community ecology, maintenance of species diversity, conservation, species extinction, global environmental change, and invasion biology. (Lab Materials Fee: $25).

Prerequisite: Grade 12 Biology or equivalent. Students without high school Biology must consult the BIO120 Office (BIO120@utoronto.ca)
Exclusion: BIO150Y1
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

JMB170Y1    Biology, Models, and Mathematics [48L/24T]

Applications of mathematics to biological problems in physiology, genetics, evolution, growth, population dynamics, cell biology, ecology, and behaviour. Mathematical topics include: power functions and regression; exponential and logistic functions; binomial theorem and probability; calculus, including derivatives, max/min, integration, areas, integration by parts, substitution; differential equations, including linear constant coefficient systems; dynamic programming; Markov processes; and chaos. This course is intended for students in Life Sciences.

Corequisite: BIO120H1
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: The Physical and Mathematical Universes (5)

200-SERIES COURSES
BIO220H1    From Genomes to Ecosystems in a Changing World[24L/15P]

Dynamics of genetic and ecological change in biological systems, from genomes to ecosystems. Evolutionary genetic and ecological perspectives on wide-ranging topics including disease, aging, sexual conflict, genetics of human differences, conservation, and global climate change. Applications of evolutionary, ecological, and molecular-genetic principles and processes. Responsibilities of human societies in a changing world. (Lab Materials Fee: $25).

Prerequisite: BIO120H1
Exclusion: BIO150Y1
Recommended Preparation: BIO130H1, BIO230H1
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

BIO251H1    Form, Function and Development in Plants (formerly BIO251Y1)[24L/18P]

Introduction to structure, function, and ecology of vegetative and reproductive processes in plants with a focus on flowering plants and gymnosperms. Lectures and labs emphasize photosynthesis, respiration, mineral nutrition, transport processes, patterns of plant growth and development, the role of hormones in development, photomorphogenesis, and plant reproduction. (Lab Materials Fee: $25).

Prerequisite: BIO120H1/BIO150Y1
Exclusion: BIO251Y1
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB202H1    Plants and Society[24L]

The importance of plants to society. Topics include: plant biology, domestication of crop plants, plant breeding and genetic engineering, biological invasions, conservation, biodiversity and genetic resources, ecological implications of advances in modern plant science, macroevolution of plants, forest utilization. For non-science students in all years and disciplines.

Exclusion: BIO120H1/BIO150Y
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB204H1    Diversity of Living Organisms[24L/12T]

Introduction to the diversity of living organisms, including microorganisms, fungi, plants, and animals, with an emphasis on evolution, ecology, and conservation. For non-science students in all years and disciplines.

Exclusion: BIO120H1/BIO150Y1
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB214H1    Evolution and Adaptation[24L/12T]

Evolution and adaptation of life on Earth. Introduction to the theory of evolution by natural selection. Topics may include: evidence supporting the fact of evolution, and how evolutionary theory can help explain the world around us, such as how species are formed, and the evolution of sex, infanticide, and disease.

Exclusion: BIO120H1/BIO150Y1
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB215H1    Conservation Biology[24L/12T]

Introduction to the scientific discipline that deals with threatened species and habitats. Topics include: biodiversity, extinction, threats, demography, genetic diversity, protecting, managing and restoring ecosystems (e.g., nature reserves, captive breeding, conservation corridors), sustainable development, and global warming. Ties between the study of conservation biology and environmental law, economics, and policy will also be covered. For non-science students in all years and disciplines.

Exclusion: BIO120H1/BIO150Y1
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB225H1    Biostatistics for Biological Sciences[36L/12P]

A statistics course designed especially for life science students, using examples from ecology and evolution where appropriate. Students learn to choose and use statistics that are appropriate to address relevant biological questions and hypotheses. Lectures and computer labs will be used to cover the following methods: sampling and experimental design, data exploration, correlation, regression, ANOVA, Chi-square, and non-parametric tests.

Prerequisite: BIO120H1/BIO150Y1
Exclusion: BIO225H1/ECO220Y1/ECO227Y1/GGR270H1/HMB325H1/ JBS229H1/PCL376H1/PSY201H1/SOC300Y1/STA220H1/STA250H1
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: None

ENV234H1    Environmental Biology: Structure and Function of Ecosystems (formerly ENV234Y1)[24L/18P]

This multidisciplinary course draws on elements from geology, soil science, and ecology to understand past and present environments and human impacts on landscapes and ecosystems. Emphasis on the structure, functioning and connectivity of aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. Field trips and labs. Mandatory weekend day-long field trip (total cost about $20). (Lab Materials Fee: $25).

Prerequisite: BIO120H1/ESS102H1/GLG102H1/GGR100H1/FOR200H1/FOR201H1 or permission of department
Exclusion: ENV234Y1
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB255H1     Fundamentals of Conservation Biology[36L]

Introduction to the study of biological diversity and its conservation. Topics include: valuing life on Earth, defining and measuring biodiversity, conservation strategies and tactics, identifying threats, quantifying risk, extinction, population genetics and demographic theory, protection and recovery.

Prerequisite: BIO120H1/BIO150Y1
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB263H1    Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy [24L/36P]

The ontogeny and phylogeny of vertebrate structure are considered within the context of evolutionary theory. Functional aspects of the various organ systems are examined. Representative vertebrates are analyzed (with brief dissection of some forms) in laboratory to illustrate selected anatomical features and to provide practical exposure to vertebrate construction. (Lab Materials Fee: $25).

Prerequisite: BIO120H1/BIO150Y1
Exclusion: EEB263Y1
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB266H1    Animal Diversity: Invertebrates[24L/18P]

This course explores the diversity of invertebrate animals (e.g., sponges, jellyfish, flatworms, molluscs, annelids, nematodes, arthropods, and echinoderms), focusing on the special attributes and biological requirements of different groups, how they function in their natural environments, and what makes each group vulnerable to human-based exploitation. Labs emphasize recognition of major groups, and use living organisms where possible, but involve no invasive procedures. (Lab Materials Fee: $25).

Prerequisite: BIO120H1/BIO150Y1
Exclusion: EEB265Y1
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB267H1    Animal Diversity: Vertebrates[24L/18P]

This course explores the diversity of chordate animals (vertebrates, tunicates, and lancelets), focusing on morphological, physiological, ecological and behavioural traits that make each group special and how those traits increase vulnerability to human-based exploitation. Labs involve living organisms whenever possible, but only for display purposes.

Prerequisite: BIO120H1/BIO150Y1
Exclusion: EEB265Y1
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB268H1     Plant and Microbial Diversity[24L/15P]

Introduction to the biology of algae, fungi, and land plants. Lectures and labs emphasize the diversity of organisms with a focus on life cycles, ecology, and evolution. (Lab Materials Fee: $25).

Prerequisite: BIO120H1/150Y1
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB299Y1    Research Opportunity Program

Credit course for supervised participation in faculty research project. Details at http://www.artsci.utoronto.ca/current/course/rop. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.

Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: None

300-SERIES COURSES
EEB318H1    Principles of Evolution[24L]

Principles and practice of evolutionary biology since Darwin. Topics may include: phylogeny, speciation, mutation and neutral evolution, population genetic variation, quantitative genetics, molecular evolution, natural selection and adaptation, evolutionary conflict and cooperation, and levels of selection.

Prerequisite: (BIO120H1, BIO220H1)/BIO150Y1
Exclusion: Students who have taken EEB323H1/EEB324H1 cannot take (or concurrently take) EEB318H1. Students who have completed EEB318H1 may take EEB323H1/EEB324H1/EEB362H1.
Recommended Preparation: BIO260H1/HMB265H1
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB319H1    Population Ecology[24L/36P]

Distribution of species; population growth and regulation; interactions within and among species; harvesting of natural resources; diseases; pest control. Basic ecological principles and applied issues discussed. Labs include experiments and computer simulations. (Lab Materials Fee: $26).

Prerequisite: (BIO120H1, BIO220H1)/BIO150Y1; JMB170Y1/(MAT135H1, MAT136H1)/MAT135Y1/MAT137Y1/MAT157Y1; and a course in statistics from EEB225H1 (recommended); PSY201H1; STA220H1/STA250H1/STA257H1; GGR270H1; HMB325H1; PCL376H1
Recommended Preparation: ENV234H1
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB321H1    Community Ecology[24L/36P]

A comprehensive survey of community ecology: nature and analysis of community structure; disturbance and community development; species interactions; community assembly processes. As part of the course requirements there will be two day field trips held on weekends. A fee of approximately $15 will be charged for each field trip. Both the field trips and computer exercises in weekly labs provide training in sampling, simulation, and data analysis.

Prerequisite: (BIO120H1, BIO220H1)/ BIO150Y1, and a course in statistics from EEB225H1 (recommended); PSY201H1; STA220H1/STA250H1/STA257H1; GGR270H1
Recommended Preparation: EEB319H1
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB322H1    Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology[24L/36P]

A broad introduction to animal behaviour emphasizing concepts from ethology and behavioural ecology, including foraging, predation, mating systems, parental care and behaviour genetics. Field and laboratory studies are undertaken. (Lab Materials Fee: $25).

Prerequisite: (BIO120H1, BIO220H1)/BIO150Y1, and a course in statistics from EEB225H1 (recommended); PSY201H1; STA220H1/STA250H1/STA257H1; GGR270H1
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB323H1    Evolutionary Genetics[24L/24T]

Evolutionary biology rests on a foundation of evolutionary genetics. This course focuses on the core ideas in population genetics and extends to evolutionary genomics. Students are exposed to the mathematical theory underlying evolutionary genetics and will learn the mathematical foundations underlying these ideas. Topics include the population genetics of mutation, migration, drift, and selection, analysis of sequence variation, and the evolution of sexual reproduction.

Prerequisite: (BIO120H1, BIO220H1)/BIO150Y, BIO260H1/HMB265H1
Recommended Preparation: (MAT135H1, MAT136H1)/MAT135Y1/MAT136Y1/MAT137Y1/MAT157Y1
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB324H1    Evolutionary Ecology[24L/12T]

Empirical and theoretical approaches to key areas of research including natural selection, sexual selection, and life histories. Other topics may include phenotypic plasticity, speciation, co-evolution, and quantitative genetics.

Prerequisite: EEB318H1/EEB323H1
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB325H1    Evolutionary Medicine[24L/12T]

How evolutionary principles can help us better understand health and disease. Concepts from evolutionary biology (e.g., life history theory, coevolution, genomic conflict, constraints and trade-offs) will be applied to key problems in medicine and public health, including antibiotic resistance, aging, cancer, autoimmune disease, and pathogen virulence. 

Prerequisite: BIO130H1, BIO220H1
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB328H1    Physiological Ecology[24L/24T]

An advanced treatment of the physiological mechanisms controlling plant and animal distribution and ecological success. Topics of focus include photosynthesis and resource balance, water and nutrient relations, temperature effects, and adaptations to abiotic stress.

Corequisite: BIO270H1
Recommended Preparation: BIO251H1
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB330H1    Systematic Botany [24L/36P]

The theoretical foundations of taxonomy and the types of evidence used in constructing plant classifications. Labs emphasize taxonomic characters and their uses. Includes an independent taxonomic project. (Lab Materials Fee: $25).

Prerequisite: (BIO120H1, BIO220H1)/BIO150Y1
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB331H1    Introduction to the Fungi[24L/36P]

Topics include fungal systematics, morphology, physiology, and ecology. The roles of fungi in the environment and their importance to man. A weekend field trip explores the natural occurrence of fungi. Labs introduce the techniques used for morphological and molecular identification, and for isolation in pure culture. Students use fungal cultures to conduct an independent experimental research project. (Lab Materials Fee: $25).

Prerequisite: (BIO120H1, BIO220H1)/BIO150Y1
Recommended Preparation: EEB268H1
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

ENV334H1    Environmental Biology: Applied Ecology [24L/36P]

Applied issues in aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. Topics include: ecology of agro-ecosystems and other human-managed ecosystems, bio-indicators of anthropogenic impacts, ecosystem restoration, and adaptive management. Field trips and laboratory exercises. Group projects address local management/restoration issues.  (Lab Materials Fee: $25). (Not offered 2014 - 2015) (Next offered 2015 - 2016)

Prerequisite: ENV234H1 and completion of 9 FCEs
Exclusion: ENV234Y1
Recommended Preparation: a course in statistics (EEB225H1 recommended)
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB340H1    Comparative Plant Morphology[24L/36P]

This course focuses on land plant origins and subsequent diversification of land plant vegetative and reproductive form and function. Discussions synthesize morphological and anatomical knowledge from living organisms and fossil records with cellular, physiological, and molecular information on the developmental tool kit of land plants and their ancestors throughout geological time. Topics address the evolution of vegetative and reproductive meristems; stem, leaf, and root architecture; vascular tissue; the ovule habit; fertilization processes; and pollination biology. (Lab Materials Fee: $25).

Prerequisite: (BIO120H1, BIO220H1)/BIO150Y1
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EHJ352H1    Evolution of the Human Genome [24L/12T]

Human genome diversity and evolution with a focus on current research. The course integrates applications of human evolutionary genomics to the understanding of human history and adaptation, the causes of disease, and genome structure and function. Topics include: comparative genomics, population genomics of adaptation, association mapping, repetitive/selfish DNA, and gene duplication.

Prerequisite: (BIO120H1, BIO220H1)/150Y, BIO260H1/HMB265H1
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

JHE353H1    History of Evolutionary Biology[24L/12T]

An examination of major ideas about biological evolution from the 18th century to the 1930s and of their impact on scientific and social thought. Topics include the diversity of life and its classification, the adaptation of organisms to their environment, Wallace’s and Darwin’s views on evolution by natural selection, sexual selection, inheritance from Mendel to T.H. Morgan, eugenics, and the implications of evolution for religion, gender roles, and the organization of society.

Prerequisite: 6 full courses or equivalent
Exclusion: EEB353H1/HPS323H1/353H1
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Humanities or Science course
Breadth Requirement: Society and its Institutions (3)

JHE355H1    History and Philosophy of Evolutionary Biology[12L/12T]

An examination of the place of the organism in evolutionary theory from the early 1900s to the present. Biology is the science of living things, and yet, paradoxically, living things--organisms--have been comprehensively left out of the Modern Synthesis theory of evolution that developed in the twentieth century. This course surveys the reasons--historical, philosophical and empirical--for the marginalisation of organisms from evolutionary theory. It examines the ways in which evolutionary developmental biology attempts to restore the organisms to a central place in evolutionary biology.

Prerequisite: 6 full courses or equivalent including (BIO120H1,BIO220H1)/BIO150Y1
Exclusion: EEB355H1/HPS333H1/355H1
Recommended Preparation: JHE353H1, EEB353H1/HPS353H1
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Humanities or Science course
Breadth Requirement: Society and its Institutions (3)

EEB356H1    Insect Biology[24L/36P]

Lectures provide an introduction to the morphology, physiology, development, behaviour, evolutionary history and biological significance of insects. The practical format and insect collections differ in alternate years. When offered in the fall term, students collect insects for their collections during class time and on a weekend field trip early in the term.  When offered in the winter session, there are no field trips and collections are based on material provided in class.  Practicals also include lab exercises, multimedia demonstrations, and presentations. (Lab Materials Fee: $25). (Offered in fall session 2014-15)

Prerequisite: (BIO120H1, BIO220H1)/BIO150Y1
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB362H1    Macroevolution[24L/12T]

Explores patterns of large-scale evolutionary change, played out over large geographic expanses and extended periods of time. Integrates patterns with field and experimental studies to clarify evolutionary processes. Topics include: origins of species and their adaptations, historical biogeography, co-evolution, community evolution, radiations and extinctions, fossils and macroevolutionary patterns, and the role of evolutionary information in conservation and biodiversity initiatives. Tutorials emphasize methods used to reconstruct phylogenetic relationships and the sequence of character evolution.

Prerequisite: (BIO120H1, BIO220H1)/BIO150Y1
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB365H1    Topics in Biodiversity and Conservation Biology[24L/24P]

Advanced course focusing on key topics in biodiversity and conservation biology.  Topics include: documentation of the diversity of living oganisms (including taxonomy, inventories, biogeography, and extinction); and the management of biological resources and how best to conserve and maintain biodiversity and ecosystem function, including species and ecosystem distribution modelling. 

Prerequisite: BIO220H1, EEB255H1
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB375H1    Organisms and Their Environment[24L/12T]

Ecological interactions between organisms and their environment. Past and present changes in Earth’s environment and the human responses to those changes. Topics may include: Pleistocene glaciations, origins of agriculture, species extinctions, disease ecology, deforestation, water pollution, pesticides, and estrogenic compounds. EEB375H1 cannot substitute ENV234H1 when needed as a core program requirement.

Prerequisite: BIO220H1
Exclusion: ENV234H1/234Y1/334H1
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB382H1    Diversity of Fishes[24L/24P]

The systematics, morphology, ecology, behaviour, biogeography, and conservation of fishes. Identification of major groups of fish; what makes each group biologically special and how those unique traits might contribute to conservation concerns. Laboratories focus on exercises designed to highlight how ichthyologists actually do research.

Prerequisite: (BIO120H1, BIO220H1)/BIO150Y1
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB384H1    Biology of Amphibians [12L/36P]

Introduction to the natural history, evolution, and diversity of amphibians.

Exclusion: ZOO384H1
Recommended Preparation: EEB323H1, EEB362H1
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB386H1    Avian Biology [24L/12P]

The anatomy, physiology, evolution, ecology, behaviour, biogeography, and conservation of birds. Labs include opportunities to examine museum specimens.

Prerequisite: (BIO120H1, BIO220H1)/BIO150Y1
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB388H1    Biology of Mammals[24L/36P]

Diversity and biology of mammals. Lecture topics include: classification, reproductive strategies, locomotion, feeding, social behaviour and mating systems, biogeography, and conservation. In labs, students learn the distinguishing characteristics of the 28 mammalian orders and to identity 60 species of Ontario mammals.

Prerequisite: BIO(120H1, 220H1)/150Y1
Exclusion: EEB389H1
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB397Y1    Research Project in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology[TBA]

An intermediate research project requiring the prior consent of a member of the Department to supervise the project. The topic is to be one mutually agreed on by the student and supervisor. They must arrange the time, place, and provision of any materials and submit to the Undergraduate Office a signed form of agreement outlining details prior to being enrolled. This course is open to highly self-motivated students who are in their Third Year and have a strong interest in ecology and/or evolutionary biology. Students are required to write up the results of their research in a formal paper, often in the format of a research article, and may be required to present the results at a poster session and/or participate in an oral presentation. Students should contact their potential supervisors over the summer before classes begin in September. Information regarding how to register for the course is available on the EEB website. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.

Prerequisite: Permission of department
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB398H0    Research Excursions

An instructor-supervised group project in an off-campus setting. Details at http://www.artsci.utoronto.ca/current/course/399. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.

Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: None

EEB399Y0    Research Excursions

An instructor-supervised group project in an off-campus setting. Details at http://www.artsci.utoronto.ca/current/course/399. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.

Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: None

400-SERIES COURSES

NOTE: Not all field courses (EEB403H1 to EEB410H1) are offered each year; check the EEB website (field course page) to determine which courses are offered in a given year.


EEB403H1    Tropical Field Biology[TBA]

A two-week field course introducing students to the diversity of biological communities in the tropics focusing on ecological and evolutionary interactions. Plant and animal communities of the New World tropics are compared and contrasted with temperate communities. Student research projects included (location: Peru). Offered May 2014. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.

Prerequisite: (BIO120H1, BIO220H1)/150Y1 and permission of department
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB403H0    Tropical Field Biology [TBA]

A two-week field course introducing students to the diversity of biological communities in the tropics focusing on ecological and evolutionary interactions. Plant and animal communities of the New World tropics are compared and contrasted with temperate communities. Student research projects included (location: Peru) Offered May 2014. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.

Prerequisite: (BIO120H1, BIO220H1)/150Y1 and permission of department
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB405H1    Temperate Field Biology[TBA]

A two-week field course offered in May or August at U of T’s Koffler Scientific Reserve, King City, Ontario. Students learn the natural history of the region and conduct a field-based research project in ecology or evolutionary biology. Offered in August 2014. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.

Prerequisite: (BIO120H1, BIO220H1)/150Y1 and a course in statistics from EEB225H1(recommended); PSY201H1; STA220H1/STA250H1/STA257H1; GGR270H1; HMB325H1; PCL376H1;and permission of department
Recommended Preparation: a second- or third-year ecology, evolution or environmental biology course
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB405H0    Temperate Field Biology [TBA]

A two-week field course offered in May or August at U of T’s Koffler Scientific Reserve, King City, Ontario. Students learn the natural history of the region and conduct a field-based research project in ecology or evolutionary biology. Offered in August 2014. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.

Prerequisite: (BIO120H1, BIO220H1)/150Y1; and a course in statistics from EEB225H1(recommended); PSY201H1; STA220H1/STA250H1/STA257H1; GGR270H1; HMB325H1; PCL376H1 and permission of department
Recommended Preparation: a second- or third-year ecology, evolution or environmental biology course
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB406H1    Inter-University Field Course[TBA]

A two-week field course offered May to August by another Ontario university (to various locations) as part of the Ontario Universities Program in Field Biology (OUPFB). The selection of field course modules are announced in January. For registration information consult the Ecology & Evolutionary Biology Undergraduate Office or EEB’s field course web page. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.

Prerequisite: Varies on module selected
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB406H0    Inter-University Field Course[TBA]

A two week field course offered in May to August by another Ontario university (to various locations) as part of the Ontario Universities Program in Field Biology (OUPFB). The selection of field course modules are announced in January. For registration information consult the Ecology & Evolutionary Biology Undergraduate Office or EEB's field course web page. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.

Prerequisite: Varies on module selected.
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB407H1    Alpine Ecosystems [TBA]

A two-week field course at a high mountain field station in the summer. Students learn the natural history of alpine and subalpine biomes and investigate major abiotic and biotic interactions. Required projects catalogue natural diversity, examine species interactions, or assess abiotic influences and stresses on high-altitude organisms and their environment. Offered August 2014.

Prerequisite: (BIO120H1, BIO220H1)/150Y1, BIO251H1 or BIO270H1 and permission of department
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB407H0    Alpine Ecosystems [TBA]

A two-week field course at a high mountain field station in the summer. Students learn the natural history of alpine and subalpine biomes and investigate major abiotic and biotic interactions. Required projects catalogue natural diversity, examine species interactions, or assess abiotic influences and stresses on high-altitude organisms and their environment. Offered August 2014.

Prerequisite: (BIO120H1, BIO220H1)/150Y1, BIO251H1 or BIO270H1 and permission of department
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB410H1    Lake Ecosystem Dynamics[TBA]

A two-week field course in August. The location alternates each summer: either the Harkness Fisheries Research Laboratory in Algonquin Park, Ontario or the coastal waters of the Greater Toronto region.  Field and laboratory exercises demonstrate how interactions between physical, chemical, and biological parameters are crucial in understanding lake ecosystems. Fundamental and applied issues are discussed. Students collect, analyse, and interpret data, and complete a class project and an individual project. (Not offered 2014-15)

Prerequisite: An introductory biology or introductory physical geography course, and permission of department
Recommended Preparation: 200+ series course in ecology, environmental biology, or physical geography
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB410H0    Lake Ecosystem Dynamics [TBA]

A two-week field course in August. The location alternates each summer: either the Harkness Fisheries Research Laboratory in Algonquin Park, Ontario or the coastal waters of the Greater Toronto region.  Field and laboratory exercises demonstrate how interactions between physical, chemical, and biological parameters are crucial in understanding lake ecosystems. Fundamental and applied issues are discussed. Students collect, analyse, and interpret data, and complete a class project and an individual project. (Not offered in 2014-15)

Prerequisite: An introductory biology or introductory physical geography course, and permission of department
Recommended Preparation: Recommended Preparation: 200+ series course in ecology, environmental biology, or physical geography
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB428H1    Global Change Ecology[36L]

An examination of organism, population, and ecosystem responses to long-term environmental change occurring at the global scale, with emphasis on human caused perturbation to climate and the carbon, nitrogen, and hydrolic cycles and their ecological effects.

Prerequisite: 1.0 FCEs from EEB at 300+ series or permission of department
Recommended Preparation: ENV234H1
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB430H1    Theoretical Ecology[24L/24P]

Theoretical ecology uses models to explain biological phenomena such as the  maintenance of biodiversity, population growth, competition, eco-evolutionary dynamics, epidemiology, spatial ecology, and species extinction. Students will learn to develop and analyse ecological models, and apply models to analyse and interpret data.

Prerequisite: MAT136H1, BIO220H1, EEB225H1, and at least one of EEB319H1/EEB321H1/EEB322H1/EEB323H1, or permission of department
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB433H1    Ecology of Aquatic Systems[24L/12T]

Advanced study of ecological principles and applied issues in freshwater and marine systems. Lectures and discussions will cover physical, chemical, and biological interactions, from microbes to fish to marine mammals. Topics include carbon cycling, food webs, fisheries, conservation, and ecosystem-based management. Mandatory day-long weekend field trip (total cost about $20). (Not offered in 2014-2015)

Prerequisite: ENV234H1 and one of EEB319H1/EEB321H1/EEB328H1/ENV334H1, or permission of department
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB440H1    Ecology and Evolution of Plant-Animal Interactions[24L/12T]

Major concepts in ecology and evolution from the perspective of plant-animal interactions. The richness of interactions between plants and animals is explored including antagonistic interactions (e.g., herbivory, carnivorous plants), mutualistic interactions (e.g., pollination, seed dispersal, ant-plant associations), and interactions involving multiple species across trophic levels. There may be a field trip held on a Saturday or a Sunday; a small fee may be charged for field trip transportation.

Prerequisite: EEB318H1/EEB319H1/EEB321H1/EEB323H1/EEB324H1/EEB328H1/EEB403H1/EEB403H0/EEB405H1/EEB405H0/EEB406H1/EEB406H0/EEB407H1/EEB407H0/EEB410H1/EEB410H0
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB445H1    Ethnobotany[12L/24S]

The roles of plants in human societies, including modern ethnobotanical research and its methods. Possible topics: plant products, cultural uses and perceptions of plants, folk taxonomy, and scientific plant taxonomy. Students will deliver oral presentations and research and write a major paper, and are encouraged to draw upon experiences in their family and community.

Prerequisite: One or more of EEB268H1, EEB330H1, EEB331H1, EEB337H1, EEB340H1 or permission of department.
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB459H1    Population Genetics [24L/12T]

A focus on theoretical population genetics, using mathematical models to understand how different evolutionary forces drive allele frequency change. Students learn how to mathematically derive classic results in population genetics. Topics include drift, coalescence, the relationship between population and quantitative genetics, selection in finite populations, and mutation load. (Offered in alternate years)

Prerequisite: BIO260H1/HMB265H1, EEB323H1 or permission of department
Recommended Preparation: a solid understanding of basic algebra and calculus
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB460H1    Molecular Evolution and Genomics[24L/12T]

Processes of evolution at the molecular level, and the analysis of molecular data. Gene structure, neutrality, nucleotide sequence evolution, sequence evolution, sequence alignment, phylogeny construction, gene families, transposition.

Prerequisite: BIO220H1,BIO230H1/BIO255H1,BIO260H1/HMB265H1
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB465H1    Conservation Biology in Theory and Practice[36L]

Conservation biology from a Canadian and global perspective including targets for conservation, methods of assessment, tools for recovery, key philosophical issues, policy, and legislation. This course teaches the theory and practice of real-world conservation.

Prerequisite: EEB365H1
Recommended Preparation: 300+ courses in ecology, evolution, diversity, behaviour, genetics.
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB466H1    Approaches to the Study of Biodiversity[24L/24P]

This course uses the collections, research, and public gallery areas of the Royal Ontario Museum to expose students to the ways in which biodiversity is discovered, analyzed, and interpreted in a museum setting. Topics include: morphological and molecular approaches, taxonomy, classification, bioinformatics and e-taxonomy, and the interpretation of biodiversity for the public. Labs include student projects and a one-day field trip on a weekend (cost about $20). (Lab Materials Fee: $25).

Prerequisite: EEB365H1 and at least one organismal course from EEB266H1, EEB267H1, EEB268H1, EEB330H1, EEB331H1, EEB337H1, EEB356H1, EEB360H1, EEB382H1, EEB384H1, EEB386H1, EEB388H1
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB488H1    Research Issues in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology[36S]

This course is taken concurrently by students who are enrolled in EEB498Y1 Advanced Research Project in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, and uses a combination of seminars, discussions, and presentations (including presentations by students) designed to cover issues commonly encountered when conducting research in ecology and evolutionary biology. Topics may include experimental design, effective use of statistics, scientific writing and publishing, public communication, ethics, and career development. Students will be required to attend departmental seminars. This half-course runs from September to April and meets in alternate weeks. Students who apply to EEB497H1 in the fall session can also apply to enrol concurrently in EEB488H1Y.

Prerequisite: Permission of the department
Corequisite: EEB497H1F/EEB498Y1
Exclusion: EEB499Y1
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB495H1    Seminar in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology[24S]

Seminar course in ecology and evolutionary biology, emphasizing critical thinking and the synthesis of ideas crossing disciplinary boundaries. Group discussions among peers, facilitated by faculty, and student presentations. Discussions include critical analysis of research and review articles in the primary literature. Evaluation based on presentations, participation in class discussions, and written assignments.

Prerequisite: A minimum of 1.0 FCE in EEB courses at the 300+ level (at least 0.5 FCE in ecology and 0.5 FCE in evolutionary biology is highly recommended)
Exclusion: EEB494H1/494Y1/495Y1
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB496H1    Seminar in Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology [24S]

Topics in behavioural ecology including predator-prey interactions, host-parasite interactions, mate choice, and foraging. Other topics for general discussions may include animal emotions, consciousness, culture and welfare. Evaluation based on presentations, participation in class discussions, and written assignments.

Prerequisite: EEB322H1 (minimum GPA of 2.7); and one of EEB318H1/323H1/324H1/362H1/403H1/403H0/405H1/405H0/406H1/406H0/407H1/407H0/410H1/410H0, PSY362H1/390H1/392H1/397H1
Exclusion: EEB496Y1
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB497H1    Research Studies in Ecology & Evolutionary Biology[TBA]

An independent studies half-course allowing students to conduct research which is supervised by a faculty member in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. Highly motivated fourth-year students will work closely with a supervisor, and will be required to write up the results of their research in a final research paper. Students should contact a potential supervisor well before classes begin in the fall, winter, or summer session. Information on how to apply for the course is available on the EEB website. Students cannot take more than two independent research courses of EEB 497H1, 498Y1, and 499Y1, and the second project must be with a different supervisor. Students who apply to EEB497H1 in the fall session can also apply to enrol concurrently in EEB488H1Y. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.

Prerequisite: Permission of department
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB498Y1    Advanced Research Project in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology[TBA]

An advanced research project (a literature review alone is not sufficient) requiring the prior consent of a member of the Department to supervise the project. The topic is to be one mutually agreed on by the student and supervisor. They must arrange the time, place, and provision of any materials and submit to the Undergraduate Office a signed form of agreement outlining details prior to being enrolled. This course is normally open only to highly self-motivated students who are in their Fourth-Year and have adequate background in ecology and/or evolutionary biology. Students are required to write up the results of their research in a formal paper, often in the format of a research article, and are also required to present the results at a poster session and/or oral presentation. Students should contact their potential supervisors over the summer before classes begin in September. Information regarding how to register for the course is available on the EEB website. Students in this course are also concurrently enrolled in EEB488H1Y Research Issues in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.

Prerequisite: Permission of department
Corequisite: EEB488H1Y
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

EEB499Y1    Advanced Research Project in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology II[TBA]

Allows students to do another independent project, supervision of which must be different from EEB497H1/EEB498Y1. Operates in the same manner as EEB498Y1. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.

Prerequisite: EEB497H1/EEB498Y1 and permission of department
Distribution Requirement Status: This is a Science course
Breadth Requirement: Living Things and Their Environment (4)